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Recognition of learning outcomes

Last update : 22.02.2016


  • Formal recognition: process of granting official status to knowledge, skills and competences either through:

    • validation of non-formal and informal learning;
    • grant of equivalence, credit units or waivers;
    • award of qualifications (certificates, diploma or titles).

Social recognition: acknowledgement of value of knowledge, skills and/or competences by economic and social stakeholders.

Source: Cedefop (2014) "Terminology of European education and training policy: A selection of 130 key terms"