The CLQ enables individuals to position their qualification in relation to other qualifications with a view to lifelong learning.
Following the adoption of the Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 on the establishment of the European Qualifications
Framework (EQF) for lifelong learning, the Ministry of Education, Children and Youth and the Ministry of Higher Education and Research presented their report
on referencing the Luxembourg Qualifications Framework (Cadre luxembourgeois des qualifications - CLQ) to the EQF in 2012 to the EQF's Advisory Group,
which accepted it.
The CLQ is intended to serve as a non-binding guidance framework for individuals, providers of education and training and for the
employment market. It enables individuals to rank their qualifications in relation to other qualifications, with a view to lifelong learning.
The present version of the CLQ referencing report refers only to the formal system of education and training; this is currently in a
state of flux as it is moving towards a system expressed in terms of learning outcomes. Once this change is complete, the Grand Duchy will present a new report
reflecting an adjusted framework for lifelong learning, and work will begin on considering the inclusion of non-formal training.
Following preliminary discussions concerning the development of a Luxembourg qualifications framework, it has been decided, from a terminological standpoint,
that the French-language title of the framework should read "Cadre [luxembourgeois] des qualifications" and not, as in the relevant official EU texts
(including the Recommendation of 23 April 2008), "Cadre [luxembourgeois] des certifications", since the French word "qualifications" includes the notion
inherent in the French word "certifications" and establishes the link with the world of work.
The CLQ contains information on "learning outcomes", i.e. what the holders of a given qualification are supposed to know, understand, and be able to do.
It does not provide direct access to any other qualification or confer any particular rights.
The Luxembourg qualifications framework currently involves a systematic description of qualifications within the national education and training system.
Acquisition of those qualifications is confirmed and standardised by the obtaining of a degree, diploma
or other certificate issued by a competent body.
The framework includes a general description of the qualification profiles, learning outcomes and, for levels 5 to 8
regarding higher education, in addition to the above elements, formal aspects, including the volume in ECTS.
The framework is based on the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong education and training
(EQF) and, as regards levels 5 to 8, it is moreover linked
to the Qualification Framework of
the European Higher Education Area (QF-EHEA).
It defines, by way of descriptors, what a learner knows, understands and is able to do on completion of a learning process. Three categories of descriptors
are used to describe learning outcomes relating to a given qualification in a generic and non-disciplinary way, and to classify and specify those
The framework distinguishes the following three categories of descriptors: knowledge, skills, and attitude.
The result of the assimilation of knowledge through learning and training.
Knowledge is the body of facts, principles, theories and practices that is related to a field of study or work; assimilation is defined as the process by which
knowledge or know-how is integrated by the learner.
The ability to apply knowledge in order to complete tasks and solve problems.
As in the European Framework, skills may be cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) or practical
(involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments).
The use of personal and social abilities in work or study situations and in professional and personal development.
Personal competence is characterised by a sense of autonomy and responsibility enabling the person concerned to adopt a critical approach to his or her own
actions and those of others; it also allows persons to develop, either through study or through practical activities. Social competence is characterised
by a sense of autonomy and responsibility enabling the person concerned to work with others and to take the interests of others into account. For levels
5 to 8, these descriptors are specified as encompassing communication skills and the ability to make judgements.