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Professional integration and quality of employment

The variety of the situations experienced by young people during the first three years after leaving school can be materialised by using indicators reflecting the time spent in each situation, the occurrence of the situations, their recurrence, and their duration.

Among these indicators, 11 have been selected to reflect professional integration and the quality of the jobs held.

Their use allows, for example, to compare the professional integration and the quality of the jobs held by technical secondary school graduates and those who do not have such qualifications for the 2009/2010 school year.
Such a comparison may be contextualised in four dimensions :

  • Total time spent in employment
  • First job
  • Employment during the first three years after leaving school
  • Employment three years after leaving school

The data shows that technical secondary school graduates find it easier to get a job and than those without such qualifications, and they get better jobs.


Eleven indicators

A set of 11 indicators regarding professional integration and the quality of the jobs held by young people in the course of the first three years after they leave school is presented.

Six indicators make it possible to measure professional integration:

  • Rapid access to employment (within 4 months at most)
  • Permanent employment (3 years)
  • Away from employment (less than 1 year)
  • Return to education (1 year or more)
  • Employment rate after 3 years
  • Not employed and not back in education after 3 years

Five indicators allow to appreciate the quality of the jobs held:

  • Permanent employment contract (Contrat à durée indéterminée - CDI) after 3 years
  • Average number of temporary contracts (Contrat à durée déterminée - CDD) over the 3 years
  • Part-time employment over the 3 years
  • Average hourly wage when first employed
  • Average hourly wage after 3 years

The use of these indicators in the form of an interactive barometer allows to compare groups of pupils and monitor the progress of one generation of first-time school-leavers compared with another.

Consult the TEVA barometer

Total time spent in employment

Technical secondary school graduates are employed for longer than those who do not have qualifications.

On average, they spend 29 months in employment in the course of the 36 months after leaving school, compared with 24 months for those who do not have qualifications. One out of four technical secondary school graduates is employed for the entire three years after leaving school. One out of five school-leavers with no qualifications spends less than one year in employment.

Permanent employment
(3 years)
24% of technical secondary school graduates are employed throughout the 36 months after leaving school, compared with 16% of people who do not have such qualifications.
Away from employment (less than 1 year)10% of technical secondary school graduates experience less than 12 months of employment during the 36 months after leaving school, compared with 21% of people who do not have such qualifications.
Return to education
(1 year or more)
7% of technical secondary school graduates and the same number of school-leavers with no qualifications spend one year or more of the three years immediately after leaving school in some form of education.


First job

People with technical secondary school qualifications obtain their first job quicker than people with no such qualifications. They also earn more in their first job.

Rapid access to employment
(4 months at most)
On average, technical secondary school-leavers find their first job within four months and keep it for 16 months.
78% of technical secondary school graduates start their first job within four months of leaving school, compared with 62% of people without such qualifications.
Average hourly wage when first employed (in euros)The average hourly wage in their first job is 12.70 euros for technical secondary school graduates, compared with 11.40 euros for people whithout such qualifications.


Employment during the first three years after leaving school

On average, pupils leaving technical secondary school have 2.9 different jobs in the course of the first three years after they leave school. The multiplication of insecure temporary and part-time jobs may point to a certain type of employment precarity.

People with no technical secondary school qualifications have more temporary jobs than technical secondary school graduates. On the other hand, when they are employed, those without qualifications spend as long in part-time jobs as those who have qualifications.

Average number of temporary contracts (Contrat à durée déterminée - CDD) over a period of 3 yearsOn average, technical secondary school graduates have 2.6 different temporary jobs in the course of the first three years after leaving school, compared with 4.4 for people who do not have such qualifications.
Part-time employment over a period of 3 yearsOn average, part-time work accounts for 16% of the time spent in employment in the course of the first three years after leaving school for technical secondary school graduates, compared with 17% for people without such qualifications.

Employment three years after leaving school

Technical secondary school graduates stand a better chance of employment than those without qualification. They are more likely to get a permanent job, and they earn more. Three years after leaving school, one in four school-leavers without qualifications is neither in employment nor has returned to education.

Rate of employment after 3 yearsThree years after leaving school, 84% of technical secondary school graduates have a job, compared with 75% of people without such qualifications.
There are disparities among technical secondary school graduates in respect of the qualifications held. The rate of employment among school-leavers with a CATP (DAP) is the highest: 87% have a job three years after leaving school.
Not in employment and not returned to education after 3 yearsThree years after leaving school, 9% of technical secondary school graduates are neither in employment nor have returned to education, compared with 19% of people without such qualifications.
Permanent employment contract after 3 years Three years after leaving school, 90% of technical secondary school graduates have a permanent job, compared with 81% of employed people without such qualifications.
Average hourly wage after 3 yearsThe average hourly wage three years after leaving school is 14.50 euros for technical secondary school graduates, compared with 12.80 euros for those without such qualifications.

 

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