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First transition from school to working life

Enabling young people to quickly obtain a good, stable job is a real challenge facing society since young people – like older people – form one of the groups most affected by unemployment.

It is with this in mind that the TEVA study (Transition Ecole-Vie Active – transition from school to working life) is carried out by the Training Observatory.

The TEVA study is a completely new instrument for analysing and monitoring the integration into working life of new school-leavers.

What does the TEVA study aim to achieve?

The TEVA study aims to analyse the early careers of new school-leavers. New school-leavers are those young people leaving school for the first time during or at the end of the school year in which the examination to obtain the diploma of general or technical secondary education is taken.

The value of the TEVA study lies in its longitudinal nature. A whole generation of new school-leavers are followed in detail during the first three years after they leave school. The study is repeated over a number of generations of new school-leavers.

The originality of the TEVA study is the objective nature of the data used. The data is taken from the administrative databases of the Ministry of Education, Children and Youth (Ministère de l’Education nationale, de l’Enfance et de la Jeunesse - MENJE), the Higher Education Documentation and Information Centre (Centre de Documentation et d’Information sur l’Enseignement Supérieur - CEDIES) and the General Inspectorate of Social Security (Inspection Générale de la Sécurité Sociale - IGSS).

Which pupils have been monitored?

Pupils leaving technical secondary education

The generations of pupils leaving technical secondary education in 2008, 2009 and 2010 have been monitored up to 2011, 2012 and 2013 respectively.

The middle and upper cycles of technical secondary education monitored as part of the study comprise three regimes:

Vocational programme
  • Technical and Vocational Initiation Certificate (Certificat d’Initiation Technique et Professionnelle - CITP)
  • Manual Skills Certificate (Certificat de Capacité Manuelle - CCM)
  • Technical and Vocational Training Certificate (Certificat d’Aptitude Technique et Professionnelle- CATP)
    The CITP and the CCM are considered together for the purposes of this study.

Technician programme
  • Technician's diploma (Diplôme de Technicien - DT)

Technical programme
  • Technical Secondary School Leaving Diploma (Diplôme de Fin d'Etudes Secondaires Techniques - DFEST)

In accordance with the law of 19 December 2008 reforming vocational training, the CITP and the CCM have been replaced by the Vocational Capacity Certificate (Certificat de Capacité Professionnelle – CCP) and the CATP by the Vocational Aptitude Diploma (Diplôme d’Aptitude Professionnelle – DAP).

Pupils leaving general secondary education

Pupils leaving general secondary education in 2009 and 2010 were also monitored during three years. They have not been included in either the presentation of the results or the publications, since most are still studying.

The paths taken by these pupils can be consulted using the TEVA barometer .


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